Hair. It's been there as long as we can remember. We grow it, we cut it off, we color it, we perm it... but what really is hair? What's it made of? Why do we have it? You've probably heard the question, "What type of hair do you have?" but do you know how to properly answer it?
Hair originated as protection and heat for the brain/skull although it is not necessary anymore. Once the hair has left the follicle (part of the hair in the skin) it is completely keratinized protein made of amino acids.
Each individual strand of hair has 3 parts, the medulla, the cortex and the cuticle. The medulla is the least important part, in fact, people with fine hair don't even have them! The cortex is where the natural color pigment lies; it also contains the "meat" of the hair that was mentioned earlier- amino acids and bonds. The cuticle layer, which is the outermost layer, is the most important as far as we are concerned.
This cuticle layer is made of "scales" and the more you have the thicker your hair strands are. As you can see on the photo to the right, each strand gets thicker moving left to right. This shows fine, medium and coarse textured hair. Each time you "open" this cuticle layer it never lays exactly as it did before. When these scales start to break off you get broken hair, split ends and damage to the hair that only cutting will prevent. If you have more cuticle layers, or coarse texture, your hair can withstand more damage because you have more layers of cuticle to protect the hair! Fine texture hair has the least amount of cuticle layers which is why it breaks more easily and damages easier during chemical processing. Although fine and medium texture hair is more likely to become damaged this can be prevented through the use of bond builders in your chemical processes... We will go over this in a later blog, stay tuned!
In addition to texture, everyone has a different hair density. This is how many hairs are on your head; you can have low, medium or high density. People with higher density have, on average, twice as many hairs per sq inch than people with a low density. Unfortunately, there's not much you can do to change your density.
Now that we have the facts out the way it's time for the fun part! How do you determine what type of hair you have?!?
Texture: If you rub a piece of hair between your fingers and you can feel it like a grain of sand or rice you have coarse hair strands or texture. If you can barely feel the hair strand between your two fingers you have medium hair texture and if you cannot feel the strand at all you have fine hair texture!
Density: Pull your hair into a ponytail with one hand using your thumb and pointer finger. Slowly pull out your fingers without releasing the circle around your hair. If the circle you created with your fingers is the size of a dime or smaller you have low density. If the size of your fingers is dime- nickel sized you have medium density. If the size of your fingers is nickel sized or bigger you have high density hair!
You can have any combination of texture and density. For instance, I have coarse texture and medium density, my sister has fine texture and high density and my best friend has coarse texture and low density. What kind do you have? Let me know on Instagram @BalayagedbyAsh!
Hi There! I'm Ashley and welcome to The Sunkissed Hair Co. Blog! Here you'll find the latest tips and tricks to achieve your dream hair! After all, hair is the crown we never take off! Read more about SHCo Here!
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- Why You Should Wash Your Hair Less
- Dry Shampoo & What's Best for YOU!
- Dry Shampoo Brand Reviews
Tips & Tricks:
- The Ultimate Guide to Healthy CURLS!
- Not Washing Your Hair
- Dehydrated Hair Tips
- Beach Wave Curls Made Easy
- Determine Your Hair Type
- Get the Perfect Blowout